In September of 1968, President Lyndon B. Johnson proclaimed the second week of September as Hispanic Heritage Week. In 1988, Representative Esteban Torres of California introduced an amendment to the 1968 proclamation to extend the observance from September 15th through October 15, which is now known as Hispanic Heritage Month. The action was taken to include the approximately 21 national-origin groups that constitute the U. S. Latino population. Ten Latin American countries celebrate their independence or national holiday during the period from September 15th to October 15th.
The illustration depicts the diversity found in Hispanic culture. It captures the deep sense of pride and enthusiasm that characterizes Latin America, and how its music, folklore and traditions have impacted and changed the United States.